Ron Hawkins sent me a very interesting article to read that tells about why participants with differing surnames may have a yDNA match.
You can read the article for yourself at:
Ron went on to tell about his own experiences with his research on his wife's ancestors which is enlightening. Here is the information that Ron sent:
The information above I found online. I was curious about on how the
exact and close matches in Y-DNA and different surnames occur. I ran across how this could have happened while doing my wife’s family tree at the same time
I was working on mine. Her family roots trace back to Norway and had I not
found her relatives over there I would not have made the connection on how
surnames changed. In a matter of fact they changed numerous times back in the
day. The naming patterns quite sometime ago back in Norway
was different then they are now. Now the surname stays the same but was not the
case years ago. Let me explain, and here is an example.
In Norway and I assume it was in other countries as well in Europe most of
the people lived on farmlands, and each farm had names as well. In tradition
when a family had a farm the farm was first offered to the eldest child of the
family, if they did not want to live there then it was offered to the next
eldest child and so on which would then become the owner of the farm. Then the
parents would move into the house to live out the remainder of their lives.
Most of the farms had either 1 large house or 2 houses on the farm. As I stated
earlier on the naming patterns I see how the surnames changed however the Y-DNA
stayed the same. Back in time in some parts of Europe the naming pattern was
quite different. If the eldest child or whoever took over the farm from their
parents was a male the surname and Y-DNA would stay the same, however if the
eldest child that took over the farm was female this is how the Y-DNA and
surname changed because of the naming pattern back then. The naming pattern
back then was a little confusing if you are doing research because of this.
a example of what I mean is as follows. Let’s assume there was a father named
Nils Rustad in Norway and his wife just gave birth to a son and they named him
Tor. The child’s name would end up being Tor Nilson Rustad. Tor being his given
name, his middle name Nilson, means son of Nils, and his last name comes from
which farm they lived on, as I stated each farm had a farm name as well as most
still do yet today. So if the next generation taking over a farm in the family
was a female from the family even though her husband may have had a surname such
as Kraby, when they started a family the children’s surname would end up
becoming Rustad because they lived on the Rustad farm. A little confusing in
doing genealogy work but hope this sheds some light to other Hawkins
researchers out there. I believe this is the number one cause of Y-DNA and
surname changes, followed by adoption, then followed by children born to un-wed
mother’s who’s children took their mother’s surname and not the father’s.